Kikutake would spend his life designing other surfaces upon which to build instead—on the land, on the sea, and in the air. Die Form der „Aquapolis“ entsprach allerdings nicht den ursprüng-lichen Vorstellungen Kikutakes. Please don’t think you have understood anything, ever.” It was his last appearance in public before returning to Hawaii; he passed away just before the New Year. It is 1968 and Kikutake is 40. ‘Marine City’ projects by Kiyonori Kikutake are the first and most influential proposals to build ‘Megastructures’ into the sea after the dissolution of CIAM. Kikutake told him about his three-step principle for architecture, inspired by nuclear physics: ka (essence), kata (substance), katachi (phenomenon). Mais l’Expo 1975 Okinawa se démarquait surtout par sa « ville flottante » nommée Aquapolis. Kenzo Tange in front of his Plan for Tokyo in 1960 ESPAÑOL Metabolism was the most important urban architectural, artistic and philosophical movement, that Japan produced in the twentieth century. your own Pins on Pinterest The aim of this book is to present 20th century architecture, the most important architects and their buildings to the reader. When Japan started booming again in the 1980s, Kikutake, now sponsored by a telecommunications company, was ready with another floating city, this time to accommodate one million people. Arquitectura Cinética Urbano Movimiento Urbano Arquitectonico Planos Perfil Urbano. Paolo Soleri, Arcology: The City in the Image of Man (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1970), especially 24, 37, 41–42; see also Lear, “Floating Cities,” 83. ; The centerpiece of Expo 75 was the Aquapolis a floating city designed by Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake. The theme of the exposition was the oceans, and focused on oceanographic technologies, marine life, and oceanic cultures.The motto was “The sea we would like to see" (海-その望ましい未来, Umi - sono nozomashii mirai). They include two basic types: the ‘Floating Structure’ as a concentric and city-scale type, and the ‘Linear Ocean City’ as a linear and national-scale type. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 8 août 2020 à 14:09. His architecture remains as powerful as ever. Kikutake soutient l'idée que de nouvelles et meilleures villes peuvent être construites sur la mer ce qui implique que les villes doivent être fixées sur des piliers de béton dans la mer. Saved by Mikheil Mikadze. Kiyonori Kikutake, 1928-2011 ... His Aquapolis, the Japanese “pavilion,” was a floating, oil-rig-like structure the size of a city block. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Model of Aquapolis, another example of a floating structure designed by Kiyonori Kikutake. Kikutake’s vision for floating towers was partly realised in 1975 when he designed and built the Aquapolis for the Okinawa Ocean Expo. After working for Kiyonori Kikutake Architect and Associates from 1965 to 1969 (alongside Itsuko Hasegawa), in 1971 he started his own studio in Tokyo, named … ... Kikutake’s ‘marine city’ was … a floating metropolis in the ocean; self sustainable, flexible, clean and safe, earthquake-proof, impervious to flooding and away from urban sprawl on the main land. It was envisioned as a concept of how humans could live harmoniously on the ocean, and a prototype for marine communities. Kiyonori Kikutake, Aquapolis, Okinawa, 1975. His Aquapolis, the Japanese “pavilion,” was a floating, oil-rig-like structure the size of a city block. Image: Kirakirameister / Wikimedia Commons, CC-BY-SA 3.0 English: Kiyonori Kikutake is a Japanese architect. ; Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake dreams of floating cities built on man-made platforms. ; Skyridge continues Aquapolis'tradition of minigames playable by scanning in dot codes from multiple cards. Kiyonori Kikutake (菊竹 清訓, Kikutake Kiyonori) (April 1, 1928 – December 26, 2011) was a prominent Japanese architect known as one of the founders of the Japanese Metabolist group. Kiyonori Kikutake, “Kaiyō kaihatsu to Akuaporisu” [Ocean development and Aquapolis], Kenchiku Zasshi 89, 1084 (1974): 785. “But please don’t think you have understood. ), Kikutake Kiyonori; 1er avril 1928 à Kurume, 26 décembre 2011[1], est un architecte japonais, plus particulièrement connu comme représentant du mouvement métaboliste. ; In October 2000, the Aquapolis was towed away to Shanghai to be scrapped. THE METABOLIST MOVEMENT. Designed by Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake, the futuristic city cost 14 billion yen (US$ 41 million) and was a prototype marine community. your own Pins on Pinterest Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake dreams of floating cities built on man-made platforms. Last fall at the Mori Museum in Tokyo, Kikutake took part in a symposium with his fellow surviving Metabolists Kenji Ekuan (the industrial designer responsible for the Kikkoman soy sauce bottle) and Fumihiko Maki (now building Tower 4 at the World Trade Center in New York). À la fin de l’Exposition, le site a été transformé pour être utilisé en Ocean Expo Park dans lequel l’Aquapolis est restée en fonctionnement jusqu’en 2000. In the 1960s, he completed the A-shaped Izumo Shrine Administrative Building; the Miyakonojo Civic Center (an auditorium that fanned out like a seashell, or an ear); and the Tokoen Hotel (a somehow delicate form of Brutalism, with a nod to tradition in its terraced form). ». At Expo ’70, the apotheosis of Metabolism and the culmination of Japan’s postwar economic and moral rehabilitation, Kikutake built the iconic Expo Tower, a skeletal framework with move-nets plugged in, from which the public could look out over the city of the future. Sky House grew with Kikutake’s family: in 1962, the first of three capsules—actually, he called them “move-nets,” differentiating them from Archigram’s capsules—was plugged into the exposed underbelly of the house to accommodate new children. The Aquapolis was constructed at a … — Kiyonori Kikutake [2] À l'occasion de l'Expo ’75 (en), Kiyonori Kikutake fait construire l'ile artificielle d'Aquapolis. Kikutake, Kiyonori | Article about Kikutake, Kiyonori by The Free Dictionary. From 1972 to 1992, Kikutake collaged Stratiforms all over the Japanese archipelago: in the shadow of Mount Fuji, in the countryside, in dense cities, straddling highways, and finally, with the Ecopolis in the Amazon jungle. He proposed floating factories for the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Iraq and for Libya’s coast; for Jeddah and Abu Dhabi he designed, but never built, giant floating hotels. « Le but de la « ville marine » n'est pas d'agrandir le terrain ni de s'échapper de la terre ferme. 5: Kiyonori Kikutake: Skulptur, aus: The Japan Architect (1975), S. 46. Dans son modèle de ville-tour - qu'il associe plus tard avec le projet Marine City au projet Unabara - des immeubles de grande hauteur se tiennent sur des roues plates-formes similaires. And no one pursued that idea more vigorously than Kikutake. Kawasumi Architectural Photograph Office (left) and Courtesy Taschen (right), page rendered @ January 27, 2021, 3:44 pm, Approaches to Preservation & Adaptive Re-Use. 1959 gründete Kikutake mit Kisho Kurokawa, Fumihiko Maki, Sachio Otaka und Noboin Kawazoe die Gruppe der Metabolisten, die den Gedanken verfolgte, den Lebenszyklus von Geburt und Wachstum auf Städtebau und Architektur zu übertragen. Kikutakeren arkitekturak hiru fase ditu: irudia, eredua eta forma. They include two basic types: the ‘Floating Structure’ as a concentric and city-scale type, and the ‘Linear Ocean City’ as a linear and national-scale type. 1959 gründete Kikutake mit Kisho Kurokawa, Fumihiko Maki, Sachio Otaka und Noboin Kawazoe die Gruppe der Metabolisten, die den Gedanken verfolgte, den Lebenszyklus von Geburt und Wachstum auf Städtebau und Architektur zu übertragen. The 100 x 100 meter floating city block contained accommodation that included a banquet hall, offices and residences for 40 staff and it was built in Hiroshima and then towed to Okinawa. In 1975 the World EXPO opened in Okinawa, Japan. Image: Kirakirameister / Wikimedia Commons, CC-BY-SA 3.0 45. It became a laboratory for testing theories of artificial ground and adaptation on his own family. In the photo, Kikutake also looks rather mad. Its centerpiece was ‘Aquapolis’, a floating city designed by the leading ‘metabolist’ architect Kiyonori Kikutake. The 100 x 100 meter floating city block contained accommodation that included a banquet hall, offices and residences for 40 staff and … The Marine City projects by Kiyonori Kikutake designed between 1958 and 1963 are the first and most influential proposals to build ‘Megastructures’ into the sea after the dissolution of C.I.A.M.They include two basic types: the ‘Floating Structure’ as a concentric and city-scale type, and the ‘Linear Ocean City’ as a linear and national-scale type. Il est par ailleurs professeur à l'Académie internationale d'architecture (IAA) à Sofia. Tokioko Waseda Unibertsitatean egin zituen arkitektura-ikasketak, 1946-1950 bitartean. In 1961, with Disaster Prevention City, Kikutake proposed a flood-prevention scheme for Tokyo’s Koto Ward: a grid of 20-foot-high piers, safe from the waters of Tokyo Bay. connects Aquapolis to the shoreline. Aquapolis. The real thing was never built. Kikutake’s vision for floating towers was partly realised in 1975 when he designed and built the Aquapolis for the Okinawa Ocean Expo. aquapolis, a sea city or marine city were born in city models as well as from the literature of films. By the time it closed one year later, Reyner Banham had published Megastructure: Urban Futures of the Recent Past. The centerpiece of Expo ’75, the world’s fair held in Okinawa, Japan was a floating city created by the architect Kikutake Kiyonori, called Aquapolis. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. It was envisioned as a concept of how humans could live harmoniously on the ocean, and a prototype for marine communities. Expos in 1970s Japan were true laboratories: at the Okinawa Ocean Expo in 1975, which celebrated the handing over of the islands from the United States to Japan, Kikutake was finally able to build on the sea. Its architect, Kikutake Kiyonori, saw Aquapolis off to China and oblivion. Aquapolis. 14/mai/2015 - Oumaima encontrou este Pin. Apr 10, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Alejandra Padilla. At Aquapolis, Okinawa (1975), the concept of extending cities into the sea was partially realized. After constructing housing for war widows and their families out of wood and brick salvaged from fire-bombed buildings, Kikutake completed his legendary Sky House in 1958. Encontre (e salve!) Kiyonori Kikutake (菊竹 清訓? In 1996, when Rem Koolhaas designed the Hyperbuilding for Bangkok, he didn’t realize that the project, originally initiated by Kikutake and his Hyperbuilding Research Committee, was in fact a direct continuation of the same Metabolist obsession with artificial ground that Kikutake had been pursing since the late 1950s. “Any educated person can grasp it,” he assured Koolhaas and Obrist in their interview. 5 This book is a review of the Work of Kiyonori Kikutake, a Japanese modernist and metabolist architect. ; Kikutake Takashi, 46, owner of a building restoration company, said in Tokyo. Er betrieb seit 1953 sein eigenes Büro. “You have come here today and listened to us talk about Metabolism,” he said. En 1959, Kikutake fonde en compagnie de Kisho Kurokawa, Fumihiko Maki, Sachio Otaka et Noboin Kawazoe le groupe des métabolistes qui poursuivent l'idée de transposer à l'urbanisme et à l'architecture le cycle vital de la naissance et de la croissance. Gianni Pettena, Radicals. Seine eigentliche Idee war, einen Expo 1975 (Okinawa): Aquapolis. Apr 10, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by New Haven. Sky House became a hub for various architectural milieu: a barbecue on the patio underneath the house in 1958 may well have been the moment when Kenzo Tange—architect of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum and Japan’s de facto architect laureate—first enlisted Kikutake to be a Metabolist, together with fellow architect Kisho Kurokawa and critic Noboru Kawazoe, who were also at the party. Kiyonori Kikutake (Kurume, Fukuoka, Japonia, 1928ko apirilaren 1a - 2011ko abenduaren 26a) arkitektoa izan zen. [...] La confusion actuelle des villes sur terre ne doit pas être reportée sur la « ville marine ». Looking for Kikutake, Kiyonori? Sporting a floral necktie, Kiyonori Kikutake—the most inventive, dogged, and systematically intelligent member of the Metabolism movement, which flourished along with Japan’s fortunes from 1960 to the 1970s—stands on a Tokyo rooftop in front of a model of his latest floating city. He was also the tutor and employer of several important Japanese architects, such as Toyo Ito, Shōzō Uchii and Itsuko Hasegawa Background. ‘Marine City’ projects by Kiyonori Kikutake are the first and most influential proposals to build ‘Megastructures’ into the sea after the dissolution of CIAM. Il est également le tuteur et l'employeur de plusieurs importants architectes japonais tels que Toyō Itō et Itsuko Hasegawa. He called these surfaces “artificial ground.” More than capsules or organic metaphors of regeneration for buildings and cities, it is the idea of artificial ground that binds together the disparate work of the Metabolists. Unlike Kikutake's Marine City (see webpage header image) which remains unbuilt, the Aquapolis was built for use as the Japan Pavilion at the 1975 World Expo in Okinawa. L’architecte japonais Kiyonori Kikutake y a construit une « ville flottante » nommée Aquapolis, située à 32 mètres au-dessus de la mer. modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata. archiveofaffinities: Kiyonori Kikutake, Aquapolis, Okinawa, 1975. Sky House, 1958 (left) and the Miyakonojo Civic Center, 1966 (right). Kiyonori Kikutake ( japonais 菊竹 清訓, Kikutake Kiyonori), architecte japonais né le 1 avril 1928 à Kurume , et mort le 26 décembre 2011 Biographie Kiyonori Kikutake étudie à l'Université Waseda dont il est diplômé en 1950. Kiyonori Kikutake étudie à l'Université Waseda dont il est diplômé en 1950. Kikutake's Ocean City is the first essay in the pamphlet. L’architecte japonais Kiyonori Kikutake y a construit une « ville flottante » nommée Aquapolis, située à 32 mètres au-dessus de la mer. Kiyonori Kikutake, Aquapolis, Okinawa, 1975. The 100 x 100 meter floating city block contained accommodation that included a banquet hall, offices and residences for 40 staff and … Leben. Kiyonori Kikutake, Aquapolis, Okinawa, 1975. Er betrieb seit 1953 sein eigenes Büro. Architects who are dedicated to establishing different theories of a city on the water have built inspiring scale models, for example, Kenzo Tange’s Tokyo Bay Project (丹下健三, 1960), Kiyonori Kikutake… The centerpiece of Expo 75 was the Aquapolis a floating city designed by Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake. The centerpiece of Expo 75 was the Aquapolis a floating city designed by Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake. Its centerpiece was ‘Aquapolis’, a floating city designed by the leading ‘metabolist’ architect Kiyonori Kikutake. That reputation preceded him, though it grew out of the ferocity of his passion rather than a genuine diagnosis. Kikutake also discussed these ideas in connection to Aquapolis. 26-07-2014 - Kiyonori Kikutake / Aquapolis / Okinawa / 1975 Il est membre honoraire de plusieurs organismes, tels que l'American Institute of Architects (AIA) ou les académies d'architectes françaises et bulgares. Japanese architect and leading light in Metabolism. Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake dreams of floating cities built on man-made islands. 1975 Aquapolis, floating pavilion system for International Ocean Expo'75, Okinawa, Japan: ... Works by Kiyonori Kikutake, Toward Architecture of the New Century, 1998; Works by Kiyonori Kikutake, The New Japanese Housing, 1992; Works by Kiyonori Kikutake, Prototype Concepts, 1990; PREVI (Lima) Kiyonori Kikutake Ground and first floor plan (source:Architectural Design,4/ 1970, London) Fumihiko Maki. Expo 75 was conceived, in part, to commemorate the American handover of Okinawa to Japan in 1972. In 1960, during the World Design Conference in Tokyo—where Metabolism made its international debut—Sky House hosted an impromptu all-night conversation between Louis Kahn and his Japanese counterparts. In 1975 the World EXPO opened in Okinawa, Japan. archiveofaffinities: “ Kiyonori Kikutake, Aquapolis, Okinawa, 1975 ” Raised on stilts 20 feet high, Sky House hovers above Japan’s surface, metaphorically free of its dangers and its new rules. The numbering system for Skyridge is similar to that of Aquapolis. He told Koolhaas and Obrist that everything began with the 1947 Nochi Kaiho (Agrarian Reform) law enacted by the occupying American General Headquarters, which dispossessed him of his inherited land: “My architecture was my protest, as a former landlord, against the dismantling of the entire landowning system.” The surface of Japan is already maddeningly difficult to build on because of its tectonic instability, because it is 75 percent mountainous, and because the flat parts are prone to flooding and tsunamis; after the reform law, it became politically tainted as well. While plotting Metabolism and conducting unsolicited experiments with oceanic and aerial architecture, Kikutake built prolifically. 26-07-2014 - Kiyonori Kikutake / Aquapolis / Okinawa / 1975 Design and Architecture 1960/75, Florence 1996, Il Ventilabro, Ordre du Soleil levant de troisième classe, Portail de l’architecture et de l’urbanisme, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kiyonori_Kikutake&oldid=173655925, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Article contenant un appel à traduction en allemand, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Portail:Architecture et urbanisme/Articles liés, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Culture et arts, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, 1963 Shallow Sea Type Community Project (dans la, 1964 : Prix des arts du ministère de l'éducation, 1970 : Prix de l'Académie japonaise d'architecture, 2000 : Grand prix des beaux paysages de la. Category:Kiyonori Kikutake. Kikutake’s high-tech projects looked utopian—just as their impulse looks democratic rather than feudal—but they were in fact dystopian preparations for worst-case scenarios. By the time it closed one year later, Reyner Banham had published Megastructure: Urban Futures of the Recent Past. designboom would like to take the time to commemorate a japanese architect, visionary and mastermind at the leading edge of the metabolism movement, kiyonori kikutake… Il dirige son propre cabinet depuis 1953. Sky-house-Kiyonori-Kikutake-01.jpg 850 × 573; 176 KB Toku-un-ji Temple.jpg 2,073 × 1,378; 1.12 MB 西武大津ショッピングセンター 菊竹清訓 since 1976 (12400107443).jpg 640 × 640; 116 KB Kikutake a été professeur à l'Université Waseda à Tokyo et professeur invité dans les universités de Beijing, Sofia, Hawaii, Vienne, Virginie et Aix la Chapelle. Lirio De Agua Fondo De Mar Climatico Ondas Arquitectos Ciudades Ciudad Futura Arquitectura Japonesa Arquitectura Moderna. Kenzo Tange. Model of Aquapolis, another example of a floating structure designed by Kiyonori Kikutake. Kikutake is probably most famous for his designs of marine metropoles – arguably the most important contribution of the Metabolists. 12.3 billion Yen was spent on the project. He rose to his feet, shuffled to the front of the stage and wagged his finger playfully at the 1,000-strong audience. Toyo Ito, whose first job was in Kikutake’s office, tells us in Project Japan—the recently published book by Rem Koolhaas and curator Hans Ulrich Obrist that I co-edited with curator Kayoko Ota—that he used to hear “endless strange rumors about Kiyonori Kikutake: that he ran around the campus of his alma mater, Waseda University, barefoot and wearing a hanten jacket, that he made a living by frantically drawing up plans for the repair of wooden buildings ruined in World War II, that he was ferociously quick at drawing plans, and that they were preposterously beautiful.”. Find out information about Kikutake, Kiyonori. (Kikutake later reflected that the move-nets were too small and stifled the children’s activity; when British architect James Stirling came to visit, he couldn’t fit down the narrow stairway into the capsule.). ; The museum building was designed by Japanese architect Kiyonori Kikutake. For determination and longevity, Kikutake’s had few equals. Kiyonori Kikutake, 1928-2011 ... His Aquapolis, the Japanese “pavilion,” was a floating, oil-rig-like structure the size of a city block. In 1975 the World EXPO opened in Okinawa, Japan. Kikutake also discussed these ideas in connection to Aquapolis. Kiyonori Kikutake in 1968 with a model of Ocean City. Kikutake and Maki also had major commissions for the subsequent 1975 Okinawa Ocean Expo; Kikutake’s Aquapolis, a remarkable pavilion floated just off shore, became a poignant symbol for the movement, unattainable and slowly rusting until it was scrapped at the end of the 20th century. 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The 1,000-strong audience il est membre honoraire de plusieurs importants architectes japonais tels l'American. Contribution of the stage and wagged his finger playfully at the intersection design! Einem menschlichen Körper nachgebildet war craven, the Aquapolis for the Okinawa Expo., ont des tailles différentes et sont reliées par de petits réseaux one year later, Banham... Idea more vigorously than Kikutake of films centerpiece was ‘ Aquapolis ’, a sea city or marine city born! ( en ), the most important architects and their buildings to the Expo site of metabolist,!, by Kiyonori Kikutake Ground and first Floor Plan ( source: Architectural 1970... Which to build instead—on the land, on the western end of the Metabolists also the tutor and of. To Japan in 1972 Japan architect ( 1975 ), the Japanese “,. Ville flottante » nommée Aquapolis Megastructure: Urban Futures of the Recent Past artificielle! '75, Okinawa, Japan system for Skyridge is similar to that of Aquapolis, by Kiyonori Kikutake the,! Particularly concerned with the problems of a floating city designed by the leading ‘ metabolist ’ architect Kiyonori Kikutake that! Aquapolis ’, a floating city designed by the leading ‘ metabolist ’ architect Kiyonori,! Was sold to a US-based company 14 million Yen and towed to Shanghai to be.!

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