[30] In Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, the term "manchester" is still used for household linen: sheets, pillow cases, towels, etc. [135][136] “He has proven himself to be a real leader at the Manchester Police Department, and will serve us well as the No. [237] Defunct radio stations include Sunset 102, which became Kiss 102, then Galaxy Manchester), and KFM which became Signal Cheshire (now Imagine FM). WASHINGTON, Jan 26 (Reuters) - The White House said U.S. President Joe Biden will provide governors of U.S. states with an update on Tuesday on efforts to bolster the supply of vaccines for the coronavirus as demand far exceeds supply. St. Clair is well-known for his role with Laconia Motorcycle Week, which traces its roots to a Gypsy Tour stop a group of riders made in The Weirs section of Laconia during the summer of 1916. A number of television studios have been in operation around the city, and have since relocated to MediaCityUK in neighbouring Salford. Her new work, Stories from the Rolodex, tells how United Press International journalists worked in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. The National Indoor BMX Arena (2,000 capacity) adjacent to the velodrome opened in 2011. [26] The first Trades Union Congress was held in Manchester (at the Mechanics' Institute, David Street), from 2 to 6 June 1868. There is a mix of high-density urban and suburban locations. [65] The River Mersey flows through the south of Manchester. [192], Public houses in the Canal Street area have had an LGBTQ+ clientele since at least 1940,[192] and now form the centre of Manchester's LGBTQ+ community. [151], Cycling for transportation and leisure enjoys popularity in Manchester and the city also plays a major role in British cycle racing.[152][153]. Hulme has undergone extensive regeneration, with million-pound loft-house apartments being developed. [111] On the other hand, Greater Manchester is home to more multi-millionaires than anywhere outside London, with the City of Manchester taking up most of the tally. [156] In terms of concertgoers, it is the busiest indoor arena in the world, ahead of Madison Square Garden in New York and The O2 Arena in London, which are second and third busiest. In 1889, the city became a county borough as did many larger Lancashire towns, and therefore not governed by Lancashire County Council. [60], The City of Manchester is governed by the Manchester City Council. She was accompanying her father Patrick, who was convalescing in the city after cataract surgery. Manchester was an important cradle of the Labour Party and the Suffragette Movement.[40]. [19] After the Roman withdrawal and Saxon conquest, the focus of settlement shifted to the confluence of the Irwell and Irk sometime before the arrival of the Normans after 1066. [160] Manchester also has the most indie and rock music events outside London. [191], The night-time economy of Manchester has expanded significantly since about 1993, with investment from breweries in bars, public houses and clubs, along with active support from the local authorities. Beattie said a bystander alerted firefighters to the apartment resident trapped on the second floor, who was removed and later refused medical treatment. “And like I said, we had a lot of inventory and we had just received some shipments — shirts, sweatshirts, pins, patches — you name it” – which was lost in the fire, he said. Two large squares hold many of Manchester's public monuments. These stations and pirate radio played a significant role in the city's house music culture, the Madchester scene. The cost of the immediate damage was initially estimated at £50 million, but this was quickly revised upwards. Browse and search the scanned newspaper archive from 1846 up to the current edition! The Trades Union Congress (TUC) is a national trade union centre, a federation of trade unions in England and Wales, representing the majority of trade unions.There are 48 affiliated unions, with a total of about 5.5 million members. [12] Manchester achieved city status in 1853. We hope that you continue to enjoy our free content. [190] Dame Carol Ann Duffy, Poet Laureate from 2009 to 2019, moved to the city in 1996 and lives in West Didsbury. [74] The lowest temperature ever recorded in Manchester was −17.6 °C (0.3 °F) on 7 January 2010. Manchester hosts consular services for most of the north of England. [182] Manchester was the meeting place of Engels and Karl Marx. It gained university status in 1992, and in the same year absorbed Crewe and Alsager College of Higher Education in South Cheshire. [195] The night-time economy has a value of about £100 million. Manchester's civic leadership has a reputation for business acumen. On the canal's banks, just outside the borough, the world's first industrial estate was created at Trafford Park. The name Manchester, though officially applied only to the metropolitan district within Greater Manchester, has been applied to other, wider divisions of land, particularly across much of the Greater Manchester county and urban area. [188] Also associated with the city is the Victorian poet and novelist Isabella Banks, famed for her 1876 novel The Manchester Man. Try for 99¢ a month for two months, cancel or pause anytime. [48] New and renovated complexes such as The Printworks and Corn Exchange have become popular shopping, eating and entertainment areas. The largest open space in the city, at around 260 hectares (642 acres),[67] is Heaton Park. [226][227], With the growth in regional television in the 1950s, Manchester became one of the BBC's three main centres in England. She has published her essays in NH’s largest newspaper, the Union Leader, and the Senior Beacon, and has a monthly column in the Windham Independent. The Manchester Ship Canal was built between 1888 and 1894, in some sections by canalisation of the Rivers Irwell and Mersey, running 36 miles (58 km)[37] from Salford to Eastham Locks on the tidal Mersey. [71] They include the A62 via Oldham and Standedge,[72] the A57, Snake Pass, towards Sheffield,[73] and the Pennine section of the M62. Manchester's geographic features were highly influential in its early development as the world's first industrial city. Summer daytime temperatures regularly top 20 Celsius, quite often reaching 25 Celsius on sunny days during July and August in particular. It is achieved by restricting inappropriate development within the designated areas and imposing stricter conditions on permitted building. [129] Work on two new through platforms at Piccadilly and an extensive upgrade at Oxford Road had not commenced as of 2019. Manchester was credited as the main driving force behind British indie music of the 1980s led by The Smiths, later including The Stone Roses, Happy Mondays, Inspiral Carpets, and James. In 2012 it showed the strongest annual growth in business stock (5 per cent) of all core cities. [105] It owns two of the country's four busiest airports and uses its earnings to fund local projects. The proportion of those with no religious affiliation rose by 58.1 per cent from 16 per cent to 25.3 per cent, whilst the proportion of Muslims increased by 73.6 per cent from 9.1 per cent to 15.8 per cent. [117], According to 2019 property investment research, Manchester is rated as No. [128], Recent improvements in Manchester as part of the Northern Hub in the 2010s have been numerous electrification schemes into and through Manchester, redevelopment of Victoria station and construction of the Ordsall Chord directly linking Victoria and Piccadilly. [155] Another notable contemporary band from near Manchester is The Courteeners consisting of Liam Fray and four close friends. [10] The local authority for the city is Manchester City Council. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township, but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. [243], Italics denote building under construction, These audio files were created from a revision of this article dated 3 February 2008. Stoddart worked for newspapers for over 40 years, including at the Boston Herald and the Union Leader. Old mills have been converted into apartments. Two bids to host the Olympic Games were part of a process to raise the international profile of the city. The city's average annual rainfall is 806.6 millimetres (31.76 in)[68] compared to a UK average of 1,125.0 millimetres (44.29 in),[69] and its mean rain days are 140.4 per annum,[68] compared to the UK average of 154.4. [20] Much of the wider area was laid waste in the subsequent Harrying of the North. The Roman habitation of Manchester probably ended around the 3rd century; its civilian settlement appears to have been abandoned by the mid-3rd century, although the fort may have supported a small garrison until the late 3rd or early 4th century. [201], The three universities are grouped around Oxford Road on the southern side of the city centre, which forms Europe's largest urban higher-education precinct. Letitia Landon's poem Manchester in Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1835, records the rapid growth of the city and its cultural importance. [87], The 2012 mid-year estimate for the population of Manchester was 510,700. [217] The Manchester Evening News has the largest circulation of a UK regional evening newspaper and is distributed free of charge in the city centre on Thursdays and Fridays, but paid for in the suburbs. [62] Between 1890 and 1933, more areas were added to the city which had been administered by Lancashire County Council, including former villages such as Burnage, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Didsbury, Fallowfield, Levenshulme, Longsight, and Withington. [139] After deregulation in 1986, the bus system was taken over by GM Buses, which after privatisation was split into GM Buses North and GM Buses South. Now based at MediaCityUK, the company's former headquarters at Granada Studios on Quay Street with its distinctive illuminated sign were a prominent landmark on the Manchester skyline for several decades. The combination of competition and improved efficiency halved the cost of coal and halved the transport cost of raw cotton. partially state funded), but it reverted to independent status in 1976 after abolition of the direct-grant system. "[20] The cathedral and Chetham's buildings are the only significant survivors of Leland's Manchester. The city centre is on the east bank of the River Irwell, near its confluences with the Rivers Medlock and Irk, and is relatively low-lying, being between 35 to 42 metres (115 to 138 feet) above sea level. Manchester's history is concerned with textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. Manchester has been a centre of television broadcasting since the 1950s. The then Labour leader … The interior of the Laconia Motorcycle Week Association headquarters on Union Avenue in Laconia on Christmas Day, soon after a fire was extinguished. [161], Manchester has two symphony orchestras, the Hallé and the BBC Philharmonic, and a chamber orchestra, the Manchester Camerata. An extensive canal network, including the Manchester Ship Canal, was built to carry freight from the Industrial Revolution onward; the canals are still maintained, though now largely repurposed for leisure use. The National Cycling Centre includes a velodrome, BMX Arena and Mountainbike trials, and is the home of British Cycling, UCI ProTeam Team Sky and Sky Track Cycling. Its main pop music venue is Manchester Arena, voted "International Venue of the Year" in 2007[156] With over 21,000 seats, it is the largest arena of its type in Europe. [44], Cotton processing and trading continued to fall in peacetime, and the exchange closed in 1968. Charlotte Brontë began writing her novel Jane Eyre in 1846, while staying at lodgings in Hulme. Manchester began expanding "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century as people flocked to the city for work from Scotland, Wales, Ireland and other areas of England as part of a process of unplanned urbanisation brought on by the Industrial Revolution. [241], Manchester is home to the largest group of consuls in the UK outside London. Many of the big clubs suffered problems with organised crime at that time; Haslam describes one where staff were so completely intimidated that free admission and drinks were demanded (and given) and drugs were openly dealt. The size of the Jewish population in Greater Manchester is the largest in Britain outside London. Statistics from the 2011 census showed that 66.7 per cent of the population was White (59.3 per cent White British, 2.4 per cent White Irish, 0.1 per cent Gypsy or Irish Traveller, 4.9 per cent Other White – although the size of mixed European and British ethnic groups is unclear, there are reportedly over 25,000 people in Greater Manchester of at least partial Italian descent alone, which represents 5.5 per cent of the population of Greater Manchester[92]). At the time of the agreement, it was in the, textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, Manchester Liverpool Road railway station, The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844, List of companies based in Greater Manchester, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, List of tallest buildings and structures in Manchester, Grade I listed buildings in Greater Manchester, Grade II* listed buildings in Greater Manchester, over double the number of annual passengers, Greater Manchester Police Air Support Unit, List of music artists and bands from Manchester, General Certificate of Secondary Education, List of television programmes set, produced or filmed in Manchester, List of national radio programmes made in Manchester, List of Freemen of the City of Manchester, "2011 Census – Key statistics for local authorities in England and Wales", "Population estimates for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland mid-2018", "Recap: The IRA bomb in Manchester... what happened on June 15, 1996", "Marx-Engels Internet Archive – Biography of Engels", "Osborne: Our vision to make Manchester the creative capital of Europe", "Salford Quays milestones: the story of Salford Quays", "£411m cost after Manchester bomb sets record", "Manchester Arena attack: Bomb 'injured more than 800, "Manchester attack: Terror threat reduced from critical to severe", "With Manchester Festival, England's second city bids for cultural spotlight", "Prescott ranks Manchester as second city", "Birmingham loses out to Manchester in second city face off", "Perils of the 'Northern Powerhouse': is devolution a mixed blessing", Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester, "Manchester Airport 1971–2000 weather averages", "Roads chaos as snow sweeps in Manchester", "Snow: West Yorkshire traffic and travel latest", "Peak District sightseer's guide – Snake Pass", "Live: M62 motorway closed and 20 miles of queues as snow and high winds return to Greater Manchester", "Minus 17.6C – Big freeze sets new record", "Manchester ringway 1981-2010 mean extreme values", "Monthly weather forecast and Climate – Manchester, United Kingdom", "Local Development Framework Evidence Base Green Belt Review July 2010", "Urban Density -v- Suburban Sprawl – The Leader's Blog", "Manchester's Local Development Framework Core Strategy Development Plan Document Adopted 11th July 2012 Published by Manchester City Council", "The press and the system built developments of inner-city Manchester", "Public Intelligence Population Publications", "Census 2011: Five lesser-spotted things in the data", "Manchester Neighbourhood Statistics – Same-Sex couples", "2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales", "The Manchester Irish Festival: the largest in the UK", "Manchester Airport celebrates Diwali and Eid", "Airport City bosses in £650m China mission", "Urban Audit – City Profiles: Manchester", "Regional Gross Value Added (Income Approach) NUTS3 Tables", "Where are Britain's biggest city economies? [167] It is due to open at the end of 2019. [150] This ceased to operate in June 2018, citing poor infrastructure. The University of Manchester is the largest full-time non-collegiate university in the United Kingdom, created in 2004 by the merger of Victoria University of Manchester, founded in 1904, and UMIST, founded in 1956[199] having developed from the Mechanics' Institute founded, as indicated in the university's logo, in 1824. [145] From September 2010 the airport became one of only 17 airports in the world and the only UK airport other than Heathrow Airport and Gatwick Airport to operate the Airbus A380.[146]. [55] It was the deadliest terrorist attack and first suicide bombing in Britain since the 7 July 2005 London bombings. City the nickname `` second Fleet Street '' buildings ( including Manchester town Hall ) date then... Dollars. ” home, a restaurant and apartments Manchester was granted `` city status '' in the city 's Music... 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