government first identified Peace-Boudreau as a place of special significance in 1969 — a legally binding declaration to conserve it for the benefit of regionally and internationally significant fish and wildlife species. Lawyer Argues B.C. Cooperating Technical Partners are communities, regional agencies, state agencies, universities and tribal nations that become more active participants in the FEMA flood hazard mapping program. Flood zones are indicated in a community’s flood map. Indeed, the extent of the environmental and societal damage caused by such a vast and unique energy project is highly unpredictable. and El-Saadany, E.F. 2008. Information Sheet about Site C. Site C Clean Energy Project, January 2015. (PVEA Coordinator, 2014). FEMA provides a monthly summary to Congress providing details on flood risk mapping activities. WHAT IS A FLOOD MAP? Moreover, The Canadian Geothermal Energy Association has proposed a portfolio of geothermal plants as an alternative to the Site C dam. Electric Power Systems Research, 78, 1989-1996. doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2008.04.002, Beck, M. W., Claassen, A. H., & Hundt, P. J. Click a county on the map to view the status information. At the dam, the Finlay, the Parsnip and the Peace Rivers feed into Williston Lake, also referred to as Williston Reservoir. Employment rates are a very good indicator of social stability in our province. Geothermal power is a renewable source of energy that comes from heat stored within the Earth. Treaty 8 First Nations Court Challenge against Site C began last week. Stop Site-C Dam Logo. Ministry of Energy & Mines. With most cases in BC, the Clean Energy and Utilities Commission Act gives very strict guidelines and procedures that must be followed to ensure that the project lies in the best interest of the public as a whole. Perhaps combining the two potential proposed solutions offers the best alternative to Site C. A system could be developed where hydroelectric dams produce the baseline of electricity using a time-of-use charging system and alternative green energy sources such as geothermal generate power during peak hours. Site C is a proposed 60-metre high, 1,050-metre-long earth-filled dam and hydroelectric generation station that would be located on the Peace River between the communities of Hudson's Hope and Taylor in northeastern British Columbia. Manage data with Preliminary Flood Hazard Data, National Flood Hazard Layer, and Hazus. A lock ( Retrieved from: http://y2y.net/work/what-hot-projects/site_c_dam, PVEA Coordinator. Following the energy independence goals laid out in these documents by the government, there is little room for non-renewable energy growth in BC. Many people, especially those with lower incomes, might become upset and cause public uproar. The Edmonton Journal. (retrieved 2015). If you want to add yourself to this blog, please log in. Retrieved from: http://www.csemag.com/single-article/implementing-energy-storage-for-peak-load-shifting/95b3d2a5db6725428142c5a605ac6d89.html, Henton, D. (2008). In all, Site C dam would impact 31,528 acres of land because of the project’s flood, but also the access roads being built. Given such setbacks, alternative energy sources may not be developed in time. The Harper government and the Christy Clark government in British Columbia have just approved the controversial Site C dam. The report notes BC hydro has underestimated the social and environmental costs of the project and has not performed enough research on these topics which has resulted in erroneous conclusions. I believe this is a very reliable reference that brings forth an unbiased review of Site C. It is evident the review panel was not swayed by the interests of BC hydro, making the costs and benefits of all stakeholders involved in the project evident. The BC provincial government would therefore have to lift the policies that bind BC Hydro to large scale non-renewable and hydroelectric energy projects if geothermal power is to be developed. The latest employment statistics show that there were 5,181 total workers on the Site C project in October 2020. (2015, March 8). To help understand the realities of levee risk, FEMA provides community outreach tools and construction guidelines related to levee risk. Moreover, the report emphasizes that the economic benefits will come with significant negative social and environmental impacts that will be borne by the First Nations and residents of the Peace region. This change would likely be initiated from pressure the citizens of BC put on the provincial government and represents a hard task to accomplish. This map shows the 3715 hectares (9180 acres) that have been removed from the Agricultural Land Reserve for Site C dam so far. We must work together to show our government that economically feasible solutions exist that would reduce the large scale social and environmental damage caused by the Site C dam.for the potentially increasing demand for electricity in BC. With the Site C dam, the British Columbia provincial government and the Canadian federal government are the key decision-makers. Flood mapping is an important part of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), as it is the basis of the NFIP regulations and flood insurance requirements. Secondly, the report emphasizes the fact that the economic benefits will come with significant negative social and environmental impacts that will be borne by the First Nations and residents of the Peace region whose traditional activities are mainly based on local ecosystem services. The report goes into great detail about all aspects of the project and outlines the costs and benefits in terms of the environmental, social, and economic dimensions of Site C. In particular, the report states that Site C has potential to create significant economic benefits for future electricity consumers in British Columbia and that greenhouse emissions in BC could be reduced by investing in hydroelectric power instead of to LNG power. The panel concludes that there is no need for such a massive hydroelectric project in the near term and that smaller, less economically risky, and less environmentally costly alternatives exist that BC Hydro is not willing to invest in. BC Hydro breaks from the script with Site C labour agenda. However, the Canadian and BC government have both adopted climate change and clean air policies (Government of British Columbia, 2015). Together, they form a precautionary framework to guide planning decisions. The LSU AgCenter FloodMaps system is unique in that it integrates flood risk information with ground elevation data (provided by a service of the US Geological Survey) and basic wind speed (derived from the 2003 International Residential Code (IRC) and produced as a service by the LSU AgCenter). gains on Alberta’s power pain. The 2007 Energy Plan and the 2008 Climate Action Plan have implemented steep emissions goals of 93 percent clean energy generation and require fossil based electricity generation to have a net zero greenhouse gas emissions target (Ministry of Energy & Mines). The creation of Site C dam along the Peace River in northeastern British Columbia will be the biggest hydroelectric power project the Province has seen in the last 30 years. Retrieved from http://www.ceaa-acee.gc.ca/, Government of British Columbia. Changing such a massive portion of the landscape has serious ecological repercussions that are hard to predict and require painstaking research to understand given the great complexity and interconnectedness of ecosystems. Retrieved from: https://www.sitecproject.com/sites/default/files/info-sheet-about-site-c-january-2015_1.pdf. It appears that many of the methods currently used to dampen the environ… Review your property’s flood map to better understand your flood risk and insurance options. This treaty is in place to protect the traditional use of the lands by the First Nations, an agreement that will be violated by the Site C project. Retrieved from http://www.bcuc.com/CorpProfile.aspx, Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency. First Nations and Métis families an… The report states that greenhouse emissions in BC could be reduced by investing in hydroelectric power instead of liquefied natural gas (LNG). Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. The Development Advice Map is for land use planning purposes and will be replaced by the new Flood Map for Planning in Spring 2021. Primary motivation comes from the province that gains profit from the crown corporation’s energy sales. It also shows that, in general, the effects of dams are universal, allowing me to apply research done on dams in other countries to Site C. I believe this paper is a reliable source since the authors are all highly qualified in their field of study and have published their article in a reputable, peer-reviewed journal. It is said that this area could feed up to 1 million people (1/4 of the province’s population).The maps created by Delorme shows the length of Site C reservoir (in blue) and the area that is about to be lost. Turn all Relevant Past Flood Layers On The past flood event summary report summarises all past flood events within 2.5 kilometres of a chosen location on the map. Find out more about different types of flood risks. For more information, visit www.bchydro.com/sitec. Having significant and direct influence, the provincial government and its ministries are heavily involved in the creation and alteration of provincial legislation. This source is a report done by a joint review panel on the Site C Clean Energy Project. (2015, November 25). The energy development path has not changed since the inception of BC Hydro as a crown corporation in 1962. Lost work positions from Site C could, however, be replaced by alternative positions. To create a report zoom and click on a location of intrest - a symbol will appear on the map, then click on the button below to view the report in a new tab. Stop Site C. Retrieved from: http://www.stopsitec.org/treaty_8_first_nations_court_challenge_against_site_c_began_last_week, Peterson, L. (2014). The only weakness to this report is that there are not sources cited for the various claims made, since this is not a primary source of literature. The Peace River Valley in northeast British Columbia is a unique ecosystem and one of the very few areas in the region that so far has been largely preserved from large-scale resource development. If usage was spread throughout the day, BC Hydro could provide the same amount of electricity to users while using less power overall (Corson, Regan, and Carlson, 2014). The author’s main argument is that many of the methods used to dampen the environmental effects of dams are not actually working and much more must be done to improve the protection of the environment in dam projects. Environmental & Historic Preservation Guidance, Work With the National Flood Insurance Program, Voluntary & Community-Based Organizations, Environmental Planning & Historic Preservation, National Business Emergency Operations Center, homeowners, community officials, engineers, insurance professionals, FEMA Mapping and Insurance eXchange (FMIX). Retrieved from http://www.canada.com/story_print.html?id=c4dfeb43-b0ca-4af7-a98a-1e5315ee1f4e, Hume, M. (2015, April 23). Studies have shown that the demand for electricity is elastic; people will change their consumption behavior depending on the price of electricity, suggesting the consumption of electricity will fall as price increases (Albadi and El-Saadany, 2008). In recent years, many geothermal resources have been discovered along the coast of BC. This flooded area is likely to cause massive alterations of ecosystem and biodiversity. If completed, it would be the third in a series of dams on the Peace River, which already contributes one third of the energy produced in the province . On the one hand, federal and provincial governments seek to increase the share of hydropower throughout the Province, while on the other, First Nations people along with local populations are afraid of the environmental impacts such a massive construction could have on biodiversity and their traditional practices. However, I would ensure I find other articles that also support the ideas from this paper before I incorporate them into my research because the article is only written by one author that could have potentially shown some bias in his research on the topic. An official website of the United States government. Flow-through dams (also known as perforated dams) are constructed solely for the purpose of flood control and mitigation of flood risks in downstream communities and ecosystems. Flood Map can help to locate places at higher levels to escape from floods or in flood rescue/flood … Organization profile. Retrieved from http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/british-columbia/lawyer-argues-bc-governments-approval-of-site-c-dam-violates-treaty-8/article24094333/, Hunter, J. The reason why this project is referred to as a ‘wicked problem’ might be explained by the fact that stakeholders consider the outcomes of Site C dam at different scales and all have conflicting water uses. Map 16: Site C Dam Location - Km 102-106 The Site C Clean Energy Project requires environmental certification and other regulatory permits and approvals before it can proceed to construction. Corson, R., Regan, R., and Carlson, S. (2014). The controversial Site C project is surrounded by many different stakeholders of conflicting interests. Since this is a historical overview it can be considered a strong reference source. The sheer amount of references in this article shows that the authors were taking an unbiased approach to the topic and considering the issue from all potential points of view. The main purpose of this document is to show the rationale for development of Site C and how the benefits of the project outweigh the associated costs. Moreover, BC Hydro’s flood reserve – a land bank it has accumulated over the years, buying out farmers in preparation for a future dam (Site C has been on the books for three decades now) – has had an “enormous”, detrimental impact on agricultural investment in the valley, giving a false impression of the productivity of the land. Queen’s Printer. The company claims there are easily accessible pockets of energy that could be developed for only a fraction of the cost of Site C, and could provide BC with an immense amount of energy (Stueck, 2014). Morison, A. Retrieved from https://www.wildernesscommittee.org/sitec. This paper effectively draws on information from an enormous amount of other peer-reviewed journal articles to come to an overall understanding of the impacts of dams. This merger made the government the sole shareholder of the BC energy industry and gave them enough influence to implement any policy desired. Treaty research report – Treaty Eight (1899). Retrieved from: http://www.arcgis.com/apps/MapSeries/index.html?appid=c97e430ab54e4c479e1a4d80f95d5700. Since then, the provincial government has been cutting out any undesirable stakeholder dissention. Flash flooding is a rapid and extreme flow of high water into a normally dry area, or a rapid water level rise in a stream or creek above a predetermined flood level, beginning within six hours of the causative event (i.e., intense rainfall, dam failure, ice jam). It would provide electricity to 450,000 homes annually in British Columbia and create an 83-kilometre-long reservoir upstream of the dam along the Peace River (BC Hydro, 2015). British Columbia Utilities Commission. The federal government is required to assess environmental impacts, and social and economic feasibility of large projects where influence reaches beyond the provincial border. A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. To understand the full benefits of time-of-use pricing, one must also consider the amount of power required to generate electricity throughout a day. Flood Vendor Services Available to homeowners. BC will accumulate a serious financial loss in the short term if Site C is developed (Ministry of Environment, 2014). The DAM should be used alongside Planning Policy Wales and Technical Advice Note (TAN) 15 to guide new development away from areas at risk of flooding wherever possible. This is called a Letter of Map Change (LOMC) request. Flood maps are an important part of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) as it show a community’s risk of flooding. LockA locked padlock However, the Peace River Valley renowned for its high value farmland throughout the country, would lose a huge proportion of land taken out of potential agricultural production. Report touts ‘accessible’ geothermal resources, cheaper alternative to Site C. The Globe and Mail. (2015). When water levels rise above the spillway, the dam restricts the amount flowing through the opening, de… Peace for a Valley. Alaska Highway News. Specifically, flood maps show a community’s flood zone, floodplain boundaries, and base flood elevation. It also shows that, in general, the effects of dams are universal, allowing me to apply general research done on dams in other countries to Site C. I believe this paper is a reliable source since the authors are all highly qualified in their field of study and have published their article in a reputable, peer-reviewed journal. There are small text boxes throughout the report with statements on how strong and reputable of a company BC Hydro is. It is not the most reliable report, since there is an obvious bias present throughout the document. These regulatory flood maps are called a Flood Insurance Rate Map. Site C Dam will not be diverted to B.C. The Globe and Mail. government’s approval of Site C dam violates Treaty 8. FEMA maintains and updates data through flood maps and risk assessments. When the act was first created in 2010, there were three important sections from which Site C was made specifically exempt. The sheer amount of references in this article shows that the authors were taking an unbiased approach to the topic and considering the issue from all potential points of view. You can also see all the areas we cover for free flood warnings and alerts. Local hiring agreements have also been made to ensure a small portion of the economic growth will remain in the area. Utilities Commission Act. Clean Energy Act. Understanding flood zones and maps. This is literature from the British Columbia Ministry of Energy & Mines. This paper effectively draws on information from an enormous amount of other peer-reviewed journal articles to come to an overall understanding of the impacts of dams. Site C. Yellowstone to Yukon. This article is relevant to my research because it explains the general effects dams have on the environment. BC Hydro has not done a lot of research on alternative sources of energy thus would require a great deal of time to have them implemented. The Department of Geography - Environment and Sustainability Program, Student Research on Environment and Sustainability Issues, http://www.bclaws.ca/EPLibraries/bclaws_new/document/ID/freeside/00_10022_01#section6, http://www.bclaws.ca/civix/document/id/complete/statreg/96473_01, https://www.ceaa-acee.gc.ca/050/documents/p63919/99173E.pdf, http://www.canada.com/story_print.html?id=c4dfeb43-b0ca-4af7-a98a-1e5315ee1f4e, http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/british-columbia/lawyer-argues-bc-governments-approval-of-site-c-dam-violates-treaty-8/article24094333/. The interactive map (the link above) aims at visualizing the huge loss of Agricultural Land Reserve in this area by comparing it to the surface of Richmond, Victoria and others. (2014). The Evolution of British Columbia’s Industrial Electricity Policy. A time-of-use pricing system would thus incentivize people to reduce their overall consumption of electricity in a day as well as shift their use of electricity from peak hours to non-peak hours (Herter, 2007). Site C dam would result in the largest withdrawal from the agricultural land reserve in BC's history. Sign up for emails to receive flood hazard mapping updates. Many new research, design, engineering, environmental, and labour positions need to be filled if alternative energy sources or time-of-use pricing systems are to be developed in BC. It will be very difficult for citizens to convince our rigid provincial governments of this fact, given their all-controlling power on the issue. (Original) map showing The Newhall Land and Farming's Co.'s property and the St. Francis Dam and reservoir site, from Newhall Land's "Report on St. Francis Dam Flood" dated March 24, 1928. Firstly, according to the Joint Review Panel, working under Canada’s Minister of the Environment, and the BC Minister of Environment, Site C has the potential to create significant economic benefits for future electricity consumers in British Columbia (Ministry of Environment, 2014). (2014, October 3). It is evident that this conflict was foreseen by those writing legislation and the documents were edited in favour of the provincial government. Video showing the importance of the Peace River Valley to its local residents. British Columbia Ministry of Energy & Mines. Read about the Technical Mapping Advisory Council, a federal advisory committee. Flood maps on this site are displayed over Bing maps. It is also unclear whether previous energy contracts have been in the public’s interest (Henton, 2008). Queen’s Printer. A summary of demand response in electricity markets. There is a clear solution that would please each individual party, but there is little room for a compromise. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency. Legislation leading to the current situation began with the province merging British Columbia Electric with British Columbia Power Commission to create the crown corporation BC Hydro (Ministry of Energy & Mines) in 1962. It will be very useful for my research because of its over-arching findings and as well as its reference to many other papers on hydroelectric dams that I could potentially use for my research. Past Flood Event Local Area Summary Report. This structure, or lack thereof, becomes apparent when analyzing the project’s governance framework. Of the total workers, 3,727 were from British Columbia, or 72%. There has not been any proof showing absolute necessity of the Site C dam, in fact alternatives are lined out in the Joint Panel Review (Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency, 2014). Retrieved from: http://www.hydroquebec.com/publications/en/corporate-documents/comparaison-electricity-prices.html, Madill, D. F. K. (1986). If creation of the Site C dam is stopped, many current and future jobs will be lost. It appears that many of the methods currently used to dampen the environmental effects of dams are not actually working and much more must be done to improve the protection of the environment in dam projects (McCartney, 2009). Some lenders will refer to this form as a Flood Cert. Check your risk of flooding: get current flood warnings, check the 5-day forecast or use flood maps Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity. (2014). Site C would flood 83km of the Peace River, widening it by up to 3 times, as well as 10km of the Moberly and 14km of the Halfway Rivers. In all, time-of-use pricing is an effective tool that would reduce the amount of energy consumed in BC and potentially eliminate the need for a large scale hydroelectric development with a very low cost. It is intended to give an overview of the Province of British Columbia’s industrial electricity policy. Adding to concerns: myriad earthquakes. Development Advice Map. Huge disparities in influence are apparent upon inspection of the governance framework of large hydroelectric projects in British Columbia. One potential solution entails changing the pricing of electricity in BC. Report of the Joint Review Panel – Site C Clean Energy Project. The Development Advice Map (DAM) shows areas at risk of flooding for the purposes of land-use planning. The panel worked under Canada’s Minister of the Environment and the British Columbia Minister of Environment. It takes a lot of power to supply electricity to many consumers all at once (i.e. The creation of Site C dam along the Peace River in northeastern British Columbia will be the biggest hydroelectric power project the Province has seen in the last 30 years. About regulatory flood maps, flood Insurance Studies, and Hazus or in flood mapping program called. Indicated in a community ’ s flood Map may help to provide alert/flood. 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